Python

From Bitpost wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Installation on Ubuntu

Virtual environments are great. Best to use them right out of the gate, as Ubuntu apparently has hacked up their version.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install virtualenv
virtualenv my_python
source my_pyton/bin/activate
pip install --upgrade pip

Here are the things I had to install to get my work env going:

sudo apt install python-pip libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev

And that never got me there. More lessons to learn...

Configure pycharm to use a virtualenv

File > Settings > Project: ate > Project Interpreter > click Gear in top-right > Add Local

Select the python bin eg:

/home/m/Envs/ate/bin/python2

Dependency Control

Great suggestion for python dependency control:

   use two dependency files, one general, and one for current freeze version numbers
   node.js has a similar approach with its new lock files (good stuff i think)
   gentoo just fucking gets it right (nearly) every time, somehow
   ---
   # requirements-to-freeze.txt (typical mostly-unconstrained Method #1) is used to specify your top-level dependencies, and any explicit versions you need to specify.
   # requirements.txt (fully-versioned Method #2) contains the output of $ pip freeze after $ pip install requirements-to-freeze.txt has been run.
   $ cd project-repo
   $ pip install -r requirements-to-freeze.txt --upgrade
   Installing collected packages: six, enum34, ipaddress, ...
   $ pip freeze > requirements.txt
   # The best of both worlds.

Creating modules that can be imported OR run directly

Set up your module like this:

#!/bin/env python
from __future__ import print_function
import argparse
import sys

def main(argv):
	parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Run a performance test')
	parser.add_argument(
		'--server',
		dest='serveraddr',
		type=str,
		action='store',
		help='address of server',required=True)
	parser.add_argument(
		'--client',
		dest='clientaddr',
		type=str, action='store',
		help='address of client',
		required=True)
	parser.add_argument(
		'--port',
		dest='port',
		type=int,
		action='store',
		help='port',
		required=True)
	parser.add_argument(
		'--count',
		dest='count',
		type=int,
		action='store',
		default=100,
		help='number of objects')

	args = parser.parse_args(argv)

  # code it up
  # use dest values, eg: args.serveraddr

	return 0

# Only run main if we called this directly, so we can use this as an import elsewhere
if __name__ == '__main__':
	main(sys.argv)

Run it directly (do chmod +x on it and you don't even need to prepend [python ...]):

# either way
./performance_test.py --server=10.122.82.241 --client=10.122.83.57 --port=5000
./performance_test.py --server 10.122.82.241 --client 10.122.83.57 --port 5000

Run it from inside other python code like this:

#!/bin/env python
import performance_test
performance_test.main(['--server=10.122.82.241','--client=10.122.83.57','--port=5000']);